Research Tips

Search syntax and operators

We aim to give you good results if you just two a few keywords into the search box. But we also offer more powerful features to let you find and filter documents.

You can build complex queries such as this one:

title:"ebola virus" AND abstract:epidemic AND year:<2015

You can search in fields by using a field name followed by a colon. Available search fields include title, author, journal, abstract, keywords, and organization; the Query Builder tool will provide a more complete list. Note that field search is largely not available in the free edition of 1findr.

The basic search operators are:

AND (default) lithium AND battery both terms must occur
 OR  lithium OR battery one term must occur
NOT lithium NOT battery
results with “battery” will be excluded
lithium -battery  same as NOT


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Advanced Query Features

Alternate word forms (“stemming”)

By default, when you search for something like computer, we also return results for alternate word forms like computers or computing or computed. This technique is called stemming.

When you use double quotation marks, we only search for the exact match: a search for “computer” will not match any of the alternate word forms like computers.

Quotation marks also search for phrases. Search for “computer science”, and you’ll only see results with those two exact words in order. If you use single instead of double quotation marks, however, we’ll look for phrases including alternate word forms, so that a search for ‘computer science’ with single quotation marks will match phrases like computing science.

Proximity search

A search for “big wolf”~1 will find documents where the words big and wolf occur no more than 1 word apart: in other words, it’ll match big bad wolf. You can replace 1 with any number to find documents where the words occur no more than that many words apart. If the number is 2 or higher, you’ll catch inversions: “star death”~2 will match death star.

As discussed above, you can use single quotation marks instead of double if you also want to include alternate word forms.

Prefix search

A search for batt* matches all words that begin with batt. Note that, by default, searching for battery will match alternate word forms like batteries. Only search for batt* if you want to match battery, batteries, battlefield, Battersea, etc.

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How can we contact you?

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Phone: +1.514.284.9986

Email: info@1science.com

Website: http://www.1science.com/

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Can I get more details on 1findr content?

1findr is a curated index composed exclusively of articles published in academic, scientific and technological research journals. It comprises articles in all fields of academia: arts, humanities, social sciences, behavioral sciences, health sciences, natural sciences and engineering.

We strive to provide access to articles published all over the world solely in peer-reviewed and editorially reviewed journals. As far as technical and commercially possible, we make sure that journals are not excluded on non-academic grounds.

Based on a bibliographic index covering more than 90 million articles from 80,000  academic and scientific journals, 1findr is the largest curated collection of scholarly articles. You can also perform one-click download of full-text papers among a growing collection of more than 25 million articles using our smart link resolver technology.

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Can I submit my own articles/papers?

Although not available at the moment, we are planning to add this feature in upcoming versions.

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Can I share or save my searches?

We are planning to add this feature shortly.

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Is there a limit on the number of articles I can download, save etc.?

The institutional version of 1findr is only limited by the capacity of your own computer and Internet connection.

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What are the technical requirements needed to access 1findr?

We test against the current version of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge, as well as Internet Explorer 11. On mobile, we test against Chrome on Android and Safari on iOS.

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How can we notify you of suggestions, errors, omissions or bugs?

Please notify us by sending an email at support@1science.com

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Do you collect and keep personal information?

1science does not keep any personal user information. We only gather anonymous, non-identifying data on visits for statistical purposes.

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I believe one of your open access articles infringes copyright and/or licenses. What should I do?

It is in our mission to make sure that articles in our database respect copyrights.To that effect, we only harvest articles from reputable institutional sources and regularly remove sites from our indexing process when they are found to be actively promoting or passively allowing the diffusion of infringing material.

That said, it is increasingly becoming difficult to determine whether an article is legitimately offered for free download or not. Many universities and public research centers negotiate the right to archive the version of record of articles authored by their researchers as part of complex journal subscription renewal negotiations including so-called offsetting schemes. Some of these articles are legitimately offered on their sites but there are cases where other organizations who have not negotiated such a license would be infringing copyrights if they were to make the same version of the article available on a public archive. Ultimately, we consider that we have a duty to be alert and to avoid harvesting material found to be infringing copyright but we cannot substitute ourselves to publishers in policing these rights.

If you find articles on 1findr which are clearly infringing copyrights, please let us know by emailing us at: dmca@1science.com

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This post is also available in: French